When the engineers named this part of the air brake system, it was still early in the morning; in other words, they hadn't been imbibing at this juncture.
The Tractor Protection System "protects the tractor's air supply" in the event of a catastropic air loss in the trailer. In most cases, the semi-trailer falls off the back of the truck casuing a catatrophic air loss through the gladhands.
The Tractor Protection system consists of two valves:
1) Trailer Air Supply Valve.
2) Tractor Protection Valve
Unfortunately, the engineers had been imbibing when they named the tractor protection valve. "We'll screw every one up: "Let's call the system and the valve the same name!"
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So... there is the Tractor Protection System and the Tractor Protection Valve. And the tractor protection valve is part of the tractor protection system. The Trailer Air Supply Valve is also the part of the Tractor Protection System.
Think of the system as follows:
The Tractor Protection Valve is the guard or sentry at the entrance to the military base. It monitors air flow in and out of the trailer; in a similar manner that a guard monitors traffic in and out of the military base.
If the tractor protection valve detects catastrophic air loss in the trailer--like the guard at the military base when the terrorists show up--it hits the panic button. The panic button in this case is the trailer air supply valve.
The tractor protection valve in an emergency tells the trailer air supply to shut off air to the trailer when system pressure is drops between 20psi (138kPa) and 45psi (310kPa).
Although not a required test in Ontario, the trailer air supply valve must shut off air to the trailer between 20psi (138kPa) and 45psi (310kPa).
With the truck (parking brake) and trailer (air supply) spring parking brake buttons pushed in on the dash, pump the brake pedal to lower the system air pressure.
When the system air pressure is between 20psi (138kPa) and 45psi (310kPa), the trailer air supply valve should pop automatically, shutting off air to the trailer.