These are the general terms for the trucking industry.
|Bill of Lading||
The bill of lading is a legal document that allows the trucking company to transport the freight from point 'A' to point 'B'.
In legal terms, the consignee is the person or corporation who is financially responsible (the buyer) for the receipt of a shipment. Generally, but not always, the consignee is the same as the receiver.
This truck is used to pull semi-trailers. The units are used for distances of less than 100 miles radius from the home terminal. These units are usually used for P&D (pickup & drop) and city work. Sometimes these shorter units are used to pull longer trailers (60'), which allows the unit to say within the overall legal length of 75' or 23 metres.
Driving empty to another location to pick up a load, or returning home.
It is an axle with a 5th wheel assembly and a hitch. The hitch is usually a pintle hitch. The dolly converter is used to hook two semi-trailers together.
Is anything that aids in securing the load to the truck or trailer. Material such as pieces of wood, matting, shrink wrap, or similar material used to keep a cargo in position while being transported.
The different paths that the front and rear wheels take when cornering. The rear or trailer wheels will take a shorter path around the curve, corner or turn. Thus the driver has to compensate for this shortcoming by taking the curve, corner or turn wider.
Off-tracking is when the rear tires follow a different, shorter path than the front tires. The longer the vehicle the more off-tracking for which a driver must compensate.
53' foot trailers are the maximum length allowed without an oversize permit. In metric these are 16.2m; however, the industry measures trailers in feet.
48ft (14.6m) was the previous standard, and there are still many of these trailers in use.
Sleeper birth trucks have a sleeper birth unit directly attached to the cab of the truck. These types of units are used to transport freight & services usually beyond 100 miles (160km) of the home terminal. For over-the-road truck drivers, these sleeper birth units are equipped with living quarters as well as a bed. Living quarters can include such things as a refrigerator, television and inverter which will give the driver access to plug in microwave ovens, computers and other electric devices.